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Heart Bypass Surgery: Don’t Be Fooled by Myths! A Guide to Causes, Treatments, and Misconceptions

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Heart Bypass Surgery stands as a vital procedure, frequently obscured by myths and misunderstandings. Within this all-encompassing guide, our objective is to dispel prevalent misconceptions surrounding this life-saving intervention. We illuminate the causes, treatments, and real-life experiences patients encounter throughout their journey with Heart Bypass Surgery. By furnishing a lucid overview of the procedure and tackling prevalent misconceptions head-on, we provide individuals with the knowledge to make informed decisions regarding their heart health. With this guidance, patients can navigate the path to recovery from Heart Bypass Surgery with confidence and clarity.

What is heart bypass surgery?

In medical terminology, “bypass” denotes the establishment of an alternate route for blood circulation when the regular pathway is obstructed or compromised. This term finds common usage in coronary artery bypass surgery, where a new pathway, known as the bypass graft, is crafted to bypass blockages or narrowings in coronary arteries. By circumventing the diseased segment of the artery, this surgical intervention restores adequate blood flow to the heart muscle, thereby alleviating symptoms and mitigating the risk of further complications.

Heart bypass surgery also referred to as coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), employs this principle to treat coronary artery disease. During the procedure, a surgeon creates a new path for blood flow around a blocked or narrowed artery, often utilizing a healthy blood vessel from elsewhere in the body or synthetic tubes. By facilitating improved blood flow to the heart muscle, this surgery alleviates symptoms like chest pain (angina) and diminishes the risk of heart attack.

Why do we need Heart Bypass Surgery?

The need for heart bypass surgery typically arises due to coronary artery disease (CAD), a condition characterized by the accumulation of plaque within the coronary arteries, which supply oxygen-rich blood to the heart muscle. Several factors contribute to the development and progression of CAD, including:

  •  Atherosclerosis: The buildup of fatty deposits, cholesterol, and other substances within the arterial walls, leading to plaque formation.
  •  Hypertension (high blood pressure): Elevated blood pressure can damage the inner lining of the arteries, making them more susceptible to plaque formation.
  • High cholesterol: Elevated levels of LDL (“bad”) cholesterol and low levels of HDL (“good”) cholesterol can contribute to the development of plaque within the arteries.
  •  Diabetes: Individuals with diabetes are at an increased risk of developing CAD due to factors such as insulin resistance and abnormal lipid metabolism.
  •  Age: The risk of CAD increases with age, with older adults being more likely to develop significant blockages in their coronary arteries.
  •  Other medical conditions: Certain medical conditions, such as chronic kidney disease, inflammatory diseases, and autoimmune disorders, can increase the risk of CAD and the need for heart bypass surgery.

Why Rungta Hospital Is Best For Heart Bypass Suurgery?

Rungta Hospital excels in heart bypass surgery with 500 successful procedures annually, a seasoned team of cardiologists and surgeons boasting over 350,000 hours of experience, cashless surgery options, transparent pricing, and state-of-the-art facilities ensuring top-notch care for patients of all ages.

How is bypass surgery done?

Heart bypass surgery is a complex surgical procedure performed to restore adequate blood flow to the heart muscle by bypassing blocked or narrowed coronary arteries. Here’s an overview of the medical procedure:

  • Preparation:
    ○ The patient is administered general anesthesia to induce unconsciousness and ensure pain-free surgery.
    ○ Monitors are placed to track vital signs such as heart rate, blood pressure, and oxygen levels throughout the procedure.
    ○ The surgical team sterilizes the surgical site and covers the patient with sterile drapes to minimize the risk of infection.
  •  Accessing the Heart:
    ○ The surgeon makes an incision in the chest, typically along the sternum (median sternotomy), to access the heart.
  • Harvesting the Grafts:
    ○ Healthy blood vessels, called grafts, are obtained from other parts of the body, such as the leg (saphenous vein) or the chest wall (internal mammary artery).
    ○ If multiple grafts are needed, additional vessels may be harvested using minimally invasive techniques or by utilizing arteries from the forearm (radial artery) or the abdomen (gastroepiploic artery).
  • Creating the Bypass:
    ○ The surgeon attaches one end of each graft to the aorta (the main artery leaving the heart) and the other end to the coronary artery beyond the blockage or narrowing.
    ○ This creates a new pathway for blood to bypass the obstructed portion of the coronary artery, allowing blood to flow directly to the heart muscle.
  •  Monitoring and Testing:
    ○ During the entire procedure, the surgical team monitors the heart’s function using specialized equipment, such as echocardiography or intraoperative angiography.
    ○ After creating the bypass grafts, the surgeon may test their functionality by temporarily stopping the heart (cardiopulmonary bypass) and observing blood flow through the grafts.
  •  Closure:
    ○ Once the bypass grafts are in place and functioning properly, the surgeon closes the incision(s) using sutures or staples.
    ○ Chest tubes may be inserted to drain excess fluid and air from the chest cavity, aiding in lung re-expansion and preventing complications such as pneumothorax (collapsed lung).
  •  Recovery:
    ○ The patient is transferred to a recovery area, where they are closely monitored for signs of complications such as bleeding, infection, or cardiac arrhythmias.
    ○ Pain management and supportive care are provided to ensure a comfortable recovery period.

Heart bypass surgery is a major surgical intervention that requires careful planning, skilled execution, and comprehensive post-operative care to ensure optimal outcomes for patients.


You Can read also:- Rotablation Angioplasty: Benefits, Purpose, Procedure, Treatment and Recovery

Misconceptions about Heart Bypass Surgery

These are some of the myths concerning bypass surgery.

  •  Only old people can undergo heart bypass surgery.
  • There are significant risks associated with bypassing the heart and often complications result.
  •  After having a heart bypass surgery, one may require months or even more to completely heal.
  •  A person can only be operated on once in his/her lifetime through a procedure called coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) operation; otherwise, the patient will die
  •  Patients following an operation cannot return to leading their normal life again as before due to reduced physical activities and psychological fear of death.
  •  The vessels created during the operation remain subject to clogging though open-heart surgery is highly effective.
  • Heart bypass surgeries bring about immediate relief with symptoms improving right away.


But heart bypass is no longer dangerous or a likely cause of death. This treatment option has now become one of the safest surgical procedures. With experienced surgeons and proper care after the operations, it is possible to attain over 98% success rates in conducting cardiac surgeries on human beings.

Nowadays, cardiac interventions are performed through minimally invasive methods which leave fewer surgical marks and ensure faster recovery periods due to technological advances. Nevertheless, it should be noted that among all types of operations on the human body involving the transfer of organs between individuals, only cases of removal of the hearts from humans’ bodies have been recorded so far that were successful


In conclusion, at Rungta Hospital, our commitment to excellence in cardiac care is exemplified through our meticulous approach to heart bypass surgery. With a team of skilled surgeons and cutting-edge technology, we strive to provide the highest standard of care to our patients. Our unwavering dedication to patient well-being, coupled with our advanced facilities, positions us as the premier destination for cardiac procedures. Trust Rungta Hospital, the best cardiology hospital in Jaipur, to deliver exceptional outcomes and comprehensive support throughout your journey to heart health.