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Knee Replacement: Surgery

Knee Replacement: Surgery Details, Cost & Recovery

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What is Knee Replacement

Knee replacement, also known as knee arthroplasty, is a surgical procedure to relieve pain and restore function in severely damaged knee joints. This procedure is typically recommended for individuals with advanced arthritis or other conditions that cause significant pain, stiffness, and limited mobility in the knee.

During knee replacement surgery, the damaged portions of the knee joint are removed and replaced with artificial implants made of metal, plastic, or a combination of both. These implants mimic the function of a healthy knee joint, allowing for smoother movement and reduced discomfort.

Knee replacement surgery can significantly improve the quality of life for individuals suffering from debilitating knee conditions, enabling them to resume activities they once enjoyed with greater ease and comfort. However, like any surgical procedure, knee replacement carries certain risks and requires a period of rehabilitation to achieve optimal outcomes.

Knee Replacement Surgery

Knee replacement surgery, also known as knee arthroplasty, involves several key steps:

  •  Preparation: Before the surgery, the patient will undergo a thorough evaluation, including a medical history review, physical examination, and often imaging tests such as X-rays or MRI scans. Blood tests may also be conducted to ensure the patient is in good overall health for surgery.
  •  Anaesthesia: The patient will receive either general anaesthesia (where they are unconscious) or regional anaesthesia (such as a spinal or epidural block) to numb the lower body while remaining conscious.
  •  Incision: Once the anaesthesia takes effect, the surgeon makes an incision over the knee joint, typically along the front or side of the knee.
  •  Reshaping the Bones: The damaged or diseased portions of the knee joint are carefully removed. This includes reshaping the ends of the thigh bone (femur) and shin bone (tibia) to accommodate the artificial implants.
  •  Implant Placement: The surgeon then positions the artificial implants. These typically consist of metal components for the femur and tibia, along with a plastic spacer to provide a smooth surface for movement between the metal components. Sometimes, the kneecap (patella) may also be resurfaced with a plastic component.
  •  Closure: Once the implants are securely placed, the surgeon closes the incision with sutures or staples and applies dressings to protect the wound.
  •  Recovery: After surgery, the patient is taken to a recovery area where they are monitored closely as they wake up from anaesthesia. Pain management medications are administered as needed to keep the patient comfortable.
  •  Physical Therapy: Rehabilitation is a crucial part of the recovery process. Physical therapists work with the patient to regain strength, mobility, and flexibility in the knee joint. This typically involves exercises to improve range of motion, strength training, and activities to improve balance and coordination.
  •  Post-operative Care: The patient may need to use assistive devices such as crutches or a walker for some time following surgery. They will also need to attend follow-up appointments with their surgeon to monitor healing and progress.


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Knee Replacement Surgery cost

The cost of knee replacement surgery in India can vary depending on several factors such as the city where the surgery is performed, the hospital or medical facility chosen, the surgeon’s expertise, the type of implants used, and any additional medical services or amenities provided.

Rungta hospital offers these surgeries free under RGHS, CGHS & Chiranjeevi schemes, you can take advantage of these scheme through rungta hospital for knee replacement surgery.

This cost typically covers expenses such as hospital stays, surgeon’s fees, anaesthesia, implants, medications, pre-operative tests, and post-operative rehabilitation. However, it’s important to note that these are rough estimates, and actual costs may vary.

Patients are advised to consult with healthcare providers or hospitals directly to get accurate pricing information based on their specific needs and circumstances. Additionally, some hospitals may offer package deals or discounts, especially for international patients.

Knee Replacement Surgery Recovery

The recovery process following knee replacement surgery typically involves several stages:

● Hospital Stay: Most patients remain in the hospital for 1 to 3 days after knee replacement surgery. During this time, they receive pain management medication, antibiotics to prevent infection, and physical therapy to help regain mobility in the knee joint.

● Pain Management: Pain and discomfort are common after surgery, but medications prescribed by the surgeon can help manage this. As the recovery progresses, pain typically decreases gradually.

● Mobility and Weight-Bearing: Initially, patients may need assistance with walking and may use crutches, a walker, or a cane. Physical therapists guide how to safely bear weight on the knee and gradually increase mobility.

● Physical Therapy: Rehabilitation exercises are a crucial part of the recovery process. Physical therapists work with patients to improve range of motion, strength, and flexibility in the knee joint. Exercises may include gentle stretching, strengthening exercises, and activities to improve balance and coordination.

● Home Care: After discharge from the hospital, patients continue their recovery at home. They may need assistance with daily activities such as bathing, dressing, and meal preparation, especially during the first few weeks of recovery.

● Follow-up Appointments: Patients are typically scheduled for follow-up appointments with their surgeon to monitor healing and progress. During these appointments, the surgeon may perform physical exams, review X-rays, and adjust the treatment plan as needed.

● Gradual Return to Activities: While recovery times vary for each individual, most patients can expect to return to light activities such as driving and office work within 4 to 6 weeks after surgery. More strenuous activities such as sports or heavy lifting may be gradually resumed after several months, with guidance from the surgeon and physical therapist.

● Long-Term Care: Knee replacement surgery can provide long-lasting pain relief and improved function in the knee joint. However, patients need to continue with regular exercise, maintain a healthy weight, and follow any recommendations from their healthcare team to optimize long-term outcomes and minimize the risk of complications.

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Rungta Hospital in Jaipur is recognized for its high standards in medical care and advanced facilities, particularly in the Orthopaedic Department. The hospital boasts a team of skilled and experienced orthopedic doctor in Jaipur who specialize in knee replacement surgery.

Among them, Dr. Bharat Dhanjani is often highlighted for his expertise and successful track record in performing knee replacement procedures. Dr. Bharat Dhanjani and his team use state-of-the-art technology and minimally invasive techniques, which contribute to better outcomes and quicker recovery times for patients. The hospital’s commitment to patient care is evident in the numerous positive testimonials from patients who have undergone various treatments there Rungta Hospital.

In conclusion, Rungta Hospital in Jaipur stands out as a top choice for knee replacement surgery, thanks to its proficient surgical team, advanced medical technology, and comprehensive patient care approach. This makes it a reliable option for individuals seeking effective and high-quality knee replacement procedures.