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Introduction: What is Fatty Liver?

Fatty liver disease, also known as hepatic steatosis, has become increasingly prevalent in recent years, emerging as a significant public health concern worldwide. This condition occurs when excessive fat accumulates within the liver cells, impeding its normal functions. While often asymptomatic in its early stages, untreated fatty liver can progress to more severe forms, such as non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), potentially leading to liver cirrhosis and failure. In this exploration, we will delve into the causes and risk factors associated with fatty liver disease, the diagnostic methods utilized for its detection, effective treatment strategies, lifestyle modifications for prevention, and the latest advancements in medical research aimed at combating this increasingly prevalent condition. Through a comprehensive understanding of these aspects, we can better address the challenges posed by fatty liver disease and work towards mitigating its impact on individual health and public well-being.

Types of Fatty Liver

Fatty liver disease, also known as hepatic steatosis, encompasses various types, with the two most common being:
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD):

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Causes of Fatty Liver

Fatty liver disease can have various causes, including:

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Symptoms of Fatty Liver

Fatty liver disease often progresses silently without causing noticeable symptoms in its early stages. However, as the condition advances, some individuals may experience symptoms related to liver dysfunction or complications. Common symptoms of fatty liver disease may include:

Diagnosis of Fatty Liver

The diagnosis of fatty liver disease typically involves a combination of medical history assessment, physical examination, and diagnostic tests. Here are the common methods used for diagnosing fatty liver disease:

Risk Factors of Fatty Liver

Fatty liver disease can develop due to a combination of genetic, environmental, and lifestyle factors. Several risk factors increase the likelihood of developing fatty liver disease. These include:

Treatment of Fatty Liver

The treatment of fatty liver disease primarily focuses on addressing underlying risk factors, promoting liver health, and preventing disease progression. Treatment strategies may include: